Hydroponics Farming is a way of skipping the soil, submerging in different materials to support the roots of the plant, and cultivate crops directly in nutrient-rich water.
Things you Need for Hydroponic Farming:
There are various approaches to the design of hydroponic systems, but the main components are fundamentally the same.
- Fresh Water: Were talking primo, filtered things with a healthy pH. Most plants prefer water with a pH level of about 6–6.5. You can change the acidity of your water with over-the-counter remedies available in your local hardware, greenhouse, or online hydroponic stores.
- Oxygen: Don't drown the trees! In conventional cultivation, roots can get the oxygen they need to breathe from the air pockets in the soil. Depending on the hydroponic configuration, you will either need to leave space between the base of your plant and the water reservoir, or you will need to oxygenate your container (think of bubbles in the fish tank) by getting an air stone or adding an air compressor.
- Root Support: And if you don't need dirt, the roots of your plant always need something to hang on to. Typical materials include vermiculite, perlite, peat moss, coconut, and rock fur. Keep away from products that may be compressed (like sand) or that do not hold moisture (like gravel).
- Nutrients: Your plant would require a lot of magnesium, nitrogen, calcium, and other nutrients to remain stable and effective – much as soil-growing plants need healthy soil and fertilizer. When you raise plants without soil, this "bean food" must be included in the water that feeds the plants. Although you can make your own nutrient solution theoretically, it's easy to buy mixtures online and in supermarkets.
- Light: If you're growing your plants indoors, you might need to invest in some special lighting. Every type of plant would have a different requirement for the amount of light it requires and the location of lights usually referred to as Daily Light Integral or DLI.
Though there are other elements to remember when you increase the complexity of your hydroponic farm (for example, stuff like CO2 supplementation), the five elements mentioned above are the most fundamental elements of any hydroponic method.
By tracking and modifying these main variables, you will begin to discover precisely what your plants need to survive and repeat these conditions for any future growth.